NEW ZEALAND AND WORLD WAR ONE
NEW ZEALAND SCHOOL PLEDGE - "The Great War proved that thousands of our brave New Zealand soldiers thought this beautiful land of ours was worth dying for. We are too young to do as they did, but we pledge ourselves, so to live, that when our hour of trial shall come we shall not be found wanting. We salute those who gave their lives that we might live in peace and security."
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|1 Samoan Advance||14 Army Service Corps Divisional Train|
|2 Artillery||15 Headquarters|
|3 NZ Medical Corps||16 Maori Infantry|
|4 Engineers||17 Veterinary Corps|
|5 Army Service Corps||18 Chaplains Department|
|6 Canterbury Infantry||19 Samoan Relief Infantry|
|7 Canterbury Mounted Rifles||20 Samoan Relief Mounted|
|8 Otago Infantry||21 Pay Department|
|9 Otago Mounted Rifles||22 Nursing Department|
|10 Wellington Infantry||23 1st Battalion NZ Rifle Brigade|
|11 Wellington Mounted Rifles||24 2nd Battalion NZ Rifle Brigade|
|12 Auckland Infantry||25 3rd Battalion NZ Rifle Brigade|
|13 Auckland Mounted Rifles||26 4th Battalion NZ Rifle Brigade|
* - Please note this system of numbering was only used until the formation of the 10th Reinforcements as it was found the system too confusing when personnel were moving between units.
OTAGO DAILY TIMES 11 JULY 1917 [and 11 July 2017]
Sir James Allen [Minister of Defence] gave the number of men in the New Zealand army. The original body sent to Samoa was 1955, and the men sent to the front numbered 74,000, but that did not include the British section, numbering 240. The New Zealanders who had joined the Royal Flying Corps numbered 18, the Royal Naval Auxiliary Patrol 190, Imperial Reservists 211, naval ranks and ratings 190, H.M.S. Philomel 159, guards for German prisoners 2, and nurses 435. In addition there were 9024 men in training, making a grand total of 86,402. It would in all probability take another three or four months before we would have sent away those reinforcements, and the number supplied rose to 86,000.
We originally sent away a Maori draft of 500 men, and since then we had sent 1757. Rarotonga had sent away 161 men. Over 400 men had been sent away for tunnelling purposes and 63 wireless men had done splendid work in Mesopotamia.
Already 10,547 men had returned [sick and wounded]. Of those 8573 had been discharged, and no less than 1238 had been restored to health and strength and had gone back to the front to fight again.
Up to July 23 some 26,000 men had suffered casualties, and of that total 7500 would never see New Zealand again. One hundred men were missing, 71 were prisoners of war, and 18,879 were wounded.
The Great War was declared by the British Empire on Germany and her allies on 4th August 1914 [5th August in New Zealand]. The armistice was signed at 11am on the 11th November 1918. However the war did not formally end until the peace treaty with Germany was signed on the 28th June 1919, which is why many war memorials give the war years as being 1914-1919. There were approximately 750,000 British, Dominion and Colony casualties. The country with the highest proportions of deaths per head of population was New Zealand. Officers, especially Lieutenants and 2nd Lieutenants, were proportionally more likely to die than any other rank, largely because they were expected to lead raiding parties into No Man's Land.
This is a Princess Mary Gift Tin. Princess Mary thought of the idea to give all Commonwealth Soldiers and Nurses serving in the Great War a Christmas present. A public fund was eventually set up. For more information see PRINCESS MARY GIFT TIN. Thanks to Adele Pentony Graham for this.
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